The Total Protein Test, Measures The Total Ampunt of Albumin and Globulin in The Body
- 23, Sep 2021 21:39
Performing routine tests on our bodyâs protein substances is something that is common and needs to be done, because as we already know that protein has many functions to maintain the immunity and the health of our body. Usually, when we want to do a protein test, our blood will be taken to be used as a sample.
This blood sample is taken to examine the albumin and globulin substances. Albumin and globulin substances are types of proteins in the body that can be found in our blood. Examination of albumin and globulin proteins is usually called / referred to as a total protein test. The total protein test measures the total amount of albumin and globulin in the human body.
The total protein test can also be used if you experience several health problems, such as unexplained weight loss, fatigue, edema disease, kidney and liver problems, and other health problems. The total protein test analyzes albumin and globulin proteins because both are types of proteins that have vital functions in the body, like the albumin which functions to prevent fluid leakage through blood vessels, or the globulins which function to increase and maintain the immune system.
How does it work?
The test uses a blood sample thatâs analyzed in the laboratory. To get a blood sample, a healthcare provider will draw blood from a vein in your arm or the back of your hand. First, theyâll clean the site with an antiseptic wipe. Theyâll wrap a band around your arm to apply pressure to the area and gently insert the needle into the vein. The blood will collect into a tube attached to the needle. Once the tube is full, the band and the needle will be removed from your arm. Theyâll put pressure on the puncture site to stop any bleeding. After doing that, the results of the blood injection that have been inserted inside the tubes will be tested for analysis and identification using an automated protein analyzers tool.
Additional notes, usually, patients who do the total protein test will experience some painful and uncomfortable side effects, such as excessive bleeding, dizziness, fainting, damaged skin, and hematoma disease.
The Normal and Good Results of The Total Protein Test
The results of a normal and good total protein test will range from 6 to 8.3 grams per deciliter (g/dL), but this standard range is not all the same among the laboratories, and there may be slightly different ranges for each laboratory. This different range can also be caused by several factors such as age, gender, population, test methods, or certain conditions like being pregnant. If the results of the test analysis are not normal, additional tests will be carried out to identify which protein is the problem, whether the protein has increased or decreased.
If you experience an increased total protein you will experience several symptoms such as inflammation or infection, as well as disorders of the bone marrow. Meanwhile, if you experience a decreased total protein, you will experience symptoms like bleeding, liver and kidney disorders, malnutrition, intestinal inflammation, agammaglobulinemia, and inflammatory disorders.
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