The Importance of the Blood Banking Analysis Process
- 14, Sep 2021 12:25
Blood is an important fluid contained in the human body that can measure the condition of human health. Blood has a function to carry out the supply and delivery of substances / other important fluids and oxygen to all body tissues. The presence of blood can remove and clean the substances, fluids, or dirty waste contained in the cells of the human body's tissues.
Blood is a very important thing for maintaining and strengthening the human body’s defences, so it always remains immune, healthy, and strong against many viruses or bacteria that can threaten human health. If we lack blood, our body will surely feel weak, susceptible to disease, or even die.
The cause of blood shortage can be caused by many things, such as congenital, anemia, accidents that cause severe injuries, and many more. All of these things need to be treated quickly, one solution is to do a blood transfusion.
Doing blood transfusion activities is a common thing in society, and this is a vital activity in the medical world that even happens every day. Here are some facts related to blood transfusion and blood banking activities according to the American Red Cross:
- About 36,000 units of blood are needed every day.
- The number of blood units donated is about 13.6 million a year.
- About 6.8 million volunteers are blood donors each year.
- Each unit of blood is broken down into components. These are red blood cells, plasma, cryoprecipitated AHF (cryo), a white blood cell called a granulocyte, and platelets. One unit of whole blood and its parts may be transfused to several people. Each person may have a different need.
- More than 21 million blood components are transfused each year.
When we do a blood transfusion, the blood will not be directly injected into the patient subject, because the blood will be collected first for analysis. The blood reservoir is often referred to as blood banking. The blood banking process will take place in the laboratory, this is done to ensure that the blood to be donated and transferred is safe before blood transfusions or other medical procedures are carried out.
The blood banking analysis process is important to identify blood types and to find out whether the blood contains harmful substances that pose a risk of disease. Other blood banking analysis processes also include:
- Blood type typing: A, B, AB, O group.
- Rh typing (positive or negative antigen).
- Screening for any unexpected red blood cell antibodies that may cause problems in the person’s / patient’s body.
- Screening for current or past infections, including: Hepatitis viruses B and C, Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Human T-lymphotropic viruses (HTLV) I and II, Syphilis, West Nile virus, Chagas disease.
- Irradiation to blood cells to disable any T-lymphocytes present in the donated blood (T-lymphocytes can cause a reaction when transfused, but can also cause graft-versus-host problems with repeated exposure to foreign cells).
- Leukocyte-reduced blood filtered to remove the white blood cells that contain antibodies that can cause fevers in the recipient of the transfusion (these antibodies, with repeated transfusions, may also increase a recipient's risk of reactions to subsequent transfusions).
Automated Blood Banking Analyzers and Reagents Tools from Beckman Coulter
Beckman Coulter offers immunohematology and blood group testing analyzers and reagents called the PK7400 and PK7300 which offer an advanced technology with high efficiency in producing accurate results, also providing reliable performance that simplifies workflow and facilitates tool maintenance.
Beckman Coulter's PK7400 and PK7300 have an effective blood banking testing system and equipment that enable your laboratory or workplace to be able to:
- Count on a 30-year history of reliability with an exclusive terraced microplate design for agglutination.
- Boost testing efficiency with the highest throughput available of any high-volume donor center system.
- Benefit from the convenience and customer-focused care of knowledgeable service and support representatives.
The following below are a tool specialization between PK7400 and PK7300:
- PK7400: This will give you the highest and detailed results of reliable blood donor immunohematology testing with its advanced systems and technologies.
- PK7300: This will help and give you an easy line for getting the high-volume use via fully automated blood batch testing with proven agglutination technology.